Click on one of the thumbnails below to access the 6 photos of this aircraft.
- Status: On display (loan from Canada Aviation and Space Museum)
- Airworthiness: Static display
- Type: Fighter
- Built: 1945
- Serial Number: RAF TE214
- Construction Number: CBAF IX 442
- Current Markings: RAF TE214
- Length: 31 ft 4 in
- Wingspan: 32 ft 7 in
- Power: 1,720 hp
- Engine: 1 x Packard Merlin 266
- Maximum Speed: 405 mph
- Cruising Speed: 300 mph
- Service Ceiling: 42,500 ft
- Range: 450 miles
Reginald Mitchell designed the Spitfire in 1935 and the prototype made its first flight from Southampton, UK in March 1936. The British Air Ministry placed an initial order for 300 Spitfires three months later, however due to production problems the first Spitfires did not enter RAF service until October 1938.
Nine RAF Spitfire squadrons were operational in September 1939 and they were reserved for the defence of Great Britain. The first large clash with German fighters occurred over Dunkirk in late May 1940, where the Spitfire acquitted itself well. During the Battle of Britain in 1940, the Spitfire targeted the high flying fighters, while the Hurricane dealt with the slower bombers and by the end of September 1940, the Luftwaffe was handed its first defeat. Fourteen Canadian pilots flew RAF Spitfires in this battle.
In the spring of 1942, the defence of Malta became critical, so RAF No. 249 Squadron, equipped with Spitfires was dispatched there. Several Canadians flew with the squadron, the most famous being “Buzz” Beurling, who shot down 24 enemy aircraft over Malta, between June and October 1942.
Spitfires served on many of the Second World War battle fronts, including North Africa, Italy, Normandy, North West Europe, South East Asia, and Australia. Of special note were the eleven RCAF Spitfire squadrons that provided air cover for the D-Day landings in June 1944 and supported the Allied advance across North West Europe and into Germany in 1945.
In 1941, a version of the Spitfire was developed for the Royal Navy called the Seafire. Eventually, over 2,000 Seafires equipped Fleet Air Arm squadrons aboard British aircraft carriers during the war. Following the war, Seafire XVs were operated by Royal Canadian Navy between 1946 and 1954.
From July 1938 to March 1949, 20,351 Spitfires were manufactured, together with another 2,406 Seafires for a total of 22,757 aircraft. Besides the RAF, the RCAF and other Commonwealth Air Forces, the Spitfire served with the air forces of eleven other nations.
The Spitfire Mk. XVIe at the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum was built by Vickers at Castle Bromwich, UK, in 1945. It flew post war with RAF No. 203 Advanced Flying School, until it was damaged in an accident. The British Air Ministry gave it to the RCAF in 1960, who transferred it to the Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Ottawa, in 1966. The Spitfire displays the markings of No. 416, “City of Oshawa” Squadron, one of eleven RCAF squadrons that fought over North West Europe in 1944-5. It is on loan from the Ottawa Museum.