The Syrian Arab Air Force was established in early 1950’s. In 1962-63 the first F-13
MiG-21’s began to arrive. By 1973 Syria had an air force with over 100 MiG-21 aircraft
equipping 10 squadrons. On October 6, 1973, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar
Syria and Egypt launched a surprise attack against Israel with the hopes of taking back
the territory they lost to Israel in 1967 during the 6-Day War. This conflict lasted until
October 25, 1973 when a truce was reached.
The MiG-21FL is a downgraded variant of the MiG-21PF and meant for the Third World
market. It is has the lesser powerful R11F-300 engine. This variant also lacks the ability
to carry RS-2US beam-riding missiles and has the basic version of the RP-21 radar.
The FL has a wide chord fin as well as a brake chute fairing.